Human genome contains approximately 180,000 coding regions (exome), constituting about 1.7% of a human genome. It is estimated that 85% of the disease-causing mutations occur in the exome. For this reason, sequencing of the whole exome has the potential to uncover higher yield of relevant variants at a far lower cost than whole genome sequencing. Whole exome sequencing supports a broad range of studies for researchers, including genetic disease-related variants, complex diseases, cancer research, or human population genetics.
Tumor susceptibility gene, the pathogenesis of tumors, tumor metastasis/relapse/ heterogeneity
Monogenic disease, rare disease, complex disease, de novo mutation.
Drug-resistance mechanism, targeted drug therapy
Normal population queue, disease population queue, cumulative mutation of environmental factors